CITY OF LAREDO

CITY COUNCIL MEETING

A2000-R-18

CITY COUNCIL CHAMBERS

1110 HOUSTON STREET

LAREDO, TEXAS 78040

JULY 3, 2000

5:30 P.M.

 

 

    I.      CALL TO ORDER

 

 II.    PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE

 

III.ROLL CALL

 

IV.           MINUTES

 

Approval of the minutes of June 6, 2000 and June 22, 2000.

 

 

V.              COMMUNICATIONS AND RECOGNITIONS

 

Announcements

Invitations

Recognitions

Communiqués

 

        VI.      APPOINTMENTS TO COMMISSION, BOARDS AND COMMITTEES

 

a.      Appointment of Maria Eugenia Calderon by Mayor Pro Tempore Joe A. Guerra to the Tree Board.

 

b.     Appointment of Juan Calderon and Carmen Ramirez by Council Member Johnny Amaya to the Redistricting Committee.

 

c.      Appointment by Council Member Louis H. Bruni of Blanca Nalaschi to the Laredo Commission for Women and of Dr. Ramon Alaniz to the Redistricting Committee.

 

 

             VII.            PUBLIC HEARINGS

 

1.   Public hearing  on the Sports and Community Venue Project (“The Laredo Entertainment Center”) and the one-fourth of one percent sales and use tax and other matters relating thereto.

 

 

 

 

2.      Public hearing to approve an amendment to the contract with the Texas Department of Health and budget in the amount of $102,921.00 for the Nutrición Familiar / Family Nutrition Project of the City of Laredo Health Department for the period beginning July 1, 2000 through August 31, 2001.

 

INTRODUCTION OF AN ORDINANCE

Approval of an amendment to the contract with the Texas Department of Health and budget in the amount of $102,921.00 for the Nutrición Familiar / Family Nutrition Project of the City of Laredo Health Department for the period beginning July 1, 2000 through August 31, 2001; and increasing revenue line item 226-0000-323-4084 from $0 to $102,921.00, and increasing expenditure line item no. 226-6024 from $0 to $102,921.00.

 

3.      Public hearing to approve a contract with the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC) and budget in the amount of $60,000.00 to continue the operation of two continuous air monitoring stations (CAMS) by the City of Laredo Health Department for the period beginning September 1, 2000 through August 31, 2001.

 

INTRODUCTION OF AN ORDINANCE

Approval of a contract with the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC) and budget in the amount of $60,000.00 to continue the operation of two continuous air monitoring stations (CAMS) by the City of Laredo Health Department for the period beginning September 1, 2000 through August 31, 2001; and increasing revenue line item 226-0000-323-1103 from $0 to $60,000.00 and increasing expenditure line item no. 226-7215 from $0 to $60,000.00.

 

4.   Public hearing authorizing the City Manager to amend the City of Laredo’s FY 1999-2000 Annual Budget in the amount of $18,528.00 for overtime expenses that are to be reimbursed by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to fund the Laredo Border Region Violent Crime Task Force (LBRVCTF).  The Laredo Police Department will assign one Investigator and one Police Officer to the task force.  Reimbursement of overtime expenses to include the period of  October 1, 1999 through September 30, 2000.  (Approval of Resolution 2000-R-096  needed before public hearing.)

 

INTRODUCTION OF AN ORDINANCE

Authorizing the City Manager to amend the City of Laredo’s FY 1999-2000 annual budget in the amount of $18,528.00 for overtime expenses that are to be reimbursed by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to fund the Laredo Border Region Violent Crime Task Force (LBRVCTF).  The Laredo Police Department will assign one Investigator and one Police Officer to the task force.  Reimbursement of overtime expenses to include the period of October 1, 1999 through September 30, 2000.

 

 

 

 

 

5.   Public hearing amending the City of Laredo's 1999-2000 Annual Budget in the amount of $1,000.00 for a grant awarded to the Laredo Police Department's Litter Abatement Task Force from Target Great Land. This grant award does not require any matching funds from the City. (Approval of Resolution 2000-R-099 needed before public hearing.)

 

INTRODUCTION OF AN ORDINANCE

Amending the City of Laredo's 1999-2000 Annual Budget in the amount of $1,000.00 for a grant awarded to the Laredo Police Department's Litter Abatement Task Force from Target Great Land. This grant award does not require any matching funds from the City.

 

 

6.   Public hearing authorizing the City Manager to amend the City of Laredo’s 1999-2000 Annual Budget in the amount of $59,985.00 to fund the Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grant.  The Office of the Governor, Criminal Justice Division will be designating $53,986.00 and the City of Laredo will be designating $5,999.00 in matching funds.  Funding will be used to purchase computers, printers, and a data tracking system.   Grant period is from August 01, 2000 through July 31, 2001. (Approval of Resolution 2000-R-097  needed before public hearing.)

 

INTRODUCTION OF AN ORDINANCE

Authorizing the City Manager to amend the City of Laredo’s 1999-2000 Annual Budget in the amount of $59,985.00 to fund the Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grant.  The Office of the Governor, Criminal Justice Division will be designating $53,986.00 and the City of Laredo will be designating $5,999.00 in matching funds.  Funding will be used to purchase computers, printers, and a data tracking system.   Grant period is from August 01, 2000 through July 31, 2001.

 

 

7.      Public hearing  authorizing the City Manager to accept and execute a Second Budget Amendment to the Transit Operations Budget by appropriating additional State Funding of $329,640.00, thereby, increasing Transit State Funding Budget from $1,228,693.00 to $1,558,333.00 and decreasing the local match from the Transit Sales Tax Budget from $1,130,319.00 to $800,679.00.

 

INTRODUCTION OF AN ORDINANCE

Authorizing the City Manager to accept and execute a Second Budget Amendment to the Transit Operations Budget by appropriating additional State Funding of $329,640.00, thereby, increasing Transit State Funding Budget from $1,228,693.00 to $1,558,333.00 and decreasing the local match from the Transit Sales Tax Budget from $1,130,319.00 to $800,679.00.

 

 

 

8.   Public hearing amending the FY 1999-2000 Budget of the Laredo Municipal Transit System transferring $325,725.00 from Fund 518, Sales Tax Revenues to Fund 558, Operations increasing the budget from $7,607,652.00 to $7,933,377.00.

 

INTRODUCTION OF AN ORDINANCE

Amending the FY 1999-2000 Budget of the Laredo Municipal Transit System transferring $325,725.00 from Fund 518, Sales Tax Revenues to Fund 558, Operations increasing the budget from $7,607,652.00 to $7,933,377.00.

 

      VIII.    GENERAL COUNCIL DISCUSSIONS AND PRESENTATIONS

 

9.   A.  Request by Council Member  Louis H. Bruni

 

1. Directing Staff and the Airport Advisory Committee to update the 1995 Airport Land Use Master Plan and to bring the updated Master Plan to City Council for consideration.  The Airport Master Plan update is to analyze current land use trends and recommend future land uses, with possible action.

 

B.     Request by Council Member John C. Galo

 

1.      Status report on the ongoing street recycling project.

 

2.      Discussion on code and ordinance enforcement in and around the Tex-Mex rail-yard area, with possible action.

 

3.      Discussion on the maintenance of sidewalks, the identification of who’s responsibility it is to maintain them and what is the City’s liability, with possible action.

 

4.      Recommendation from staff to address the concerns that “BEST” has with “El Lift”, with possible action.

 

                (Recess)

(Press Availability)

 

 

     IX. INTRODUCTORY ORDINANCES

 

10.  An ordinance authorizing the City Manager to enter into and execute a Lease Agreement between the City of Laredo and Riverdrive Mall, Inc., for two blocks of vega land adjacent to the Rio Grande River for use as a parking lot located upon blocks number 08, and 08-A, situated in the Western Division, City of Laredo, Webb County, Texas for a primary term of five (5) years, with two - five (5) year renewal options, at the monthly rental rate of $463.00 per month, for block number 08, and $430.00 per month for block number 08-A with annual Consumer Price Index (C.P.I.), increase adjustment.

 

 

 

11.    An ordinance authorizing the City Manager to enter into and execute an amendment to the 1978 Parking Lot Lease Agreement between the City of Laredo and Riverdrive Mall, Inc., due to the re-acquisition of the lease for block “Z”, as authorized by Resolution No. 2000-R-066, and reducing the leased area from 3 blocks to blocks number “X” and “Y”, situated in the Western Division, City of Laredo, Webb County, Texas, and reducing the Fair Market Rent by 1/3 to $200.00 per month.

        

         X.  FINAL READINGS OF ORDINANCES 

 

12. 2000-O-162 Amending the Zoning Ordinance (Map) of the City of Laredo by authorizing the issuance of a Conditional Use Permit for the use of a bus stop on Lot 10 and Lot 9 less E 4.44’, Block 120, Western Division, located at 9191 San Bernardo Ave. (As amended)

 

2000-O-163 Amending the Zoning Ordinance (Map) of the City of Laredo by authorizing the issuance of a Conditional  Use Permit for the use of a daycare on the N1/3 of Lot 1 and S 1/3 of Lot 3, Block 552, Western Division, located at 2404 Main Ave. (As amended)

 

2000-O-165 Amending the Zoning Ordinance (Map) of the City of Laredo by authorizing the issuance of a Special Use Permit for mini storage warehouse on Lot 1, Block 1, Lago Del Mar Subdivision, Unit II, located on the east side of Bartlett Ave. and south of Del Mar Blvd.  (As amended)

          

2000-O-166 Amending the Zoning Ordinance (Map) of the City of Laredo by authorizing the issuance of a Conditional Use Permit for the use of a light mechanic shop on Lot 5 and N ½ of Lot 3, Block 254, Western Division, located at 1414 Santa Maria Ave. (As amended)

 

2000-O-167 Creating a Special Paving Permit, suspending platting and certain survey requirements for a six (6) month period to allow for the paving of parking lots; providing for publication and effective date.

 

2000-O-168 Amending the Laredo Code of Ordinances, Chapter 2, Administration, Article I, In General, Section 2-3, Fees for City Services, Subsection (b) providing for charges for the duplication of EMS Activity Report Records; providing for severability and providing for an effective date and publication.

 

2000-O-169 Amending Ordinance No. 91-O-246 to increase the fee from $1.00 to $4.00 per person for the administration of immunization at the City of Laredo Health Department, and setting a maximum fee of $12.00 per family.

 

 

 

 

2000-O-170 An ordinance authorizing the City Manager to execute a Outgrant No. DTFA07-84-L-01097 between the United States of America, as Lessor, and the City of Laredo, as Lessee, for the purpose of leasing the Air Traffic Control Tower Building and its electronic equipment.  Lease term is for five (5) years commencing April 1, 2000, and ending on March 31, 2005.  Rent shall be $1.00.

 

 

2000-O-171 An ordinance authorizing the City Manager to execute a lease with Autophone of Laredo, Inc., for approximately 5,672 square feet constituting Building No. 962 located at 1816 Pappas Street.  Lease term is for 20 years commencing on October 1, 2000 and ending September 30, 2020.  New monthly rent shall be $3,403.00 and will be adjusted annually according to changes in the Consumer Price Index and further adjusted by Fair Market Rental Appraisal on the 10th anniversary.  Current monthly rent is $2,253.86.

 

 

2000-O-172 An ordinance authorizing the City Manager to execute a lease amendment to the lease agreement between the City of Laredo and Barker Aeromotive approved by Ordinance No. 91-O-097 dated May 6, 1991 for Hangar No. 1309 consisting of approximately 21,482 square feet of hangar and lobby space located at 4015 North Jarvis Avenue at the Laredo International Airport.  Said amendment extending the term of the lease agreement from twenty (20) years to twenty-nine (29) years ending on June 30, 2020 and may be extended for two (2) terms of five (5) years, ending on June 30, 2025 and June 30, 2030, respectively.  Monthly rental shall be adjusted based on changes in the Consumer Price Index and the rental obligation shall be further adjusted based on Fair Market Appraisal at each ten-year anniversary.

 

 

2000-O-173 An ordinance granting a Transitting License to Williams Communications, Inc. d/b/a Vyvx, Inc. (in the State of Texas), to erect, construct, maintain, and operate a wire telecommunications system for a term of four (4) years with one (1), four (4) year renewal option pursuant to the City of Laredo’s Wire Telecommunications System Registration and Licensing Ordinance of 1998 - #98-O-353; and providing for an effective date.

 

XI.  RESOLUTIONS

 

13. 2000-R-094 A resolution authorizing the City Manager to accept as a donation from the Union Pacific Railroad Police Department, a white male shepherd mix canine to be trained and used by the Laredo Police Department for law enforcement purposes.  The K-9 is strictly a donation and will be at no cost to the City.

 

 

14. 2000-R-095 A resolution authorizing the City Manager to submit to the United States Foreign-Trade Zones Board an application for a temporary boundary modification on behalf of Transmaritime, Inc., requesting a transfer of Foreign-Trade Zone designation status from the Laredo International Airport known as Site No. 1 to the Transmaritime, Inc., facility to be designated as Site No. 8.  The temporary boundary modification, if approved by the Foreign-Trade Zones Board, will transfer Foreign-Trade Zone status (designation only) of three (3) acres from the Laredo International Airport, Site No. 1 to the Transmaritime, Inc., facility located at the Interamerica Industrial Park.

     

 

15. 2000-R-096 A resolution authorizing the City Manager to accept reimbursement in the amount of $18,528.00 for overtime expenses from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to fund the Laredo Border Region Violent Crime Task Force (LBRVCTF).  The Laredo Police Department will assign one Investigator and one Police Officer to the task force.  Reimbursement of overtime expenses include the period of October 1, 1999 through September 30, 2000.

 

 

16. 2000-R-097 A resolution authorizing the City Manager to accept a grant from the Office of the Governor, Criminal Justice Division in the amount of $53,986.00 to fund the Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grant.  The Office of the Governor, Criminal Justice Division will be designating $53,986.00 and the City of Laredo will be designating $5,999.00 in matching funds for a total of $59,985.00 to fund the project.  Funding will also be used to purchase computers, printers, and a data tracking system.  Grant period is from August 01, 2000 through July 31, 2001.

 

 

 

 

 

 

17. 2000-R-098 A resolution authorizing the City Manager to submit a grant application and acceptance of the grant (AIP Grant Project No. 3-48-0136-26-00) from the Federal Aviation Administration Airport Improvement Program in the amount of $849,845.00 for the purpose of rehabilitating a portion of Runway 17R/35L and to acquire a parcel of land located adjacent to the Airport’s south property line and along Saunders Street (Hwy 59) for the purpose of expanding the Runway Protection Zone (RPZ) to Runway 35L.  The City’s ten (10%)  percent local match for this project in the amount of $94,428.00 is available in the Airport Land Reimbursement.

 

18. 2000-R-099 A resolution authorizing the City Manager to accept a $1,000.00 grant from Target Great Land. The money will be used to purchase equipment for the Laredo Police Department's Litter Abatement Task Force. This is strictly a donation and there are no matching funds required from the City.

XII.      MOTIONS

 

19. Consideration to award a contract to the SOLE PROVIDER, Litho Business Forms, Laredo, Texas, in the amount of $22,809.60, for the purchase of bridge fare coupons.  This will be the last order of bridge fare coupons as the Bridge System converts users to the new toll system.  Funding for these coupons is available in the Bridge Fund.

 

20. Consideration to award contract number 00-113B, to the LOW BIDDERS, C & G Wholesale, Dallas, Texas, in the amount of $9,614.00, and G.T. Distributors, Inc., Austin, Texas, in the amount of $23,558.70, for the purchase of duty and practice ammunition for the Police Department.  Bids were requested on the following ammunition types: .45 ACP, 40 cal., 9mm, .38 special, and .223 cal.  Funding is available in the Police Department Budget.

        

21. Consideration to amend and extend the annual supply contract number 99-038 awarded to Libcon, Inc. DBA Leyendecker Materials, Laredo, Texas, to include the purchase of asphalt needed for the Cutler Street Recycling Project through July 31, 2000.   The original contract award was for an estimated amount of $989,000.00 for the purchase of asphalt, black base, and gravel, as required for all city paving and construction projects.   

 

22.  Consideration to approve Amendment No. 4, an increase of $10,301.00, to the contract with Naismith Engineering, Inc., Laredo and Corpus Christi, Texas, for the purpose of complying with Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC) directive to prepare a workplan for the installation of three (3) monitoring wells at the Airport’s emergency power generator site and authorizing the City Manager to execute said Change Order No. 4.  This expense is eligible for TNRCC reimbursement, subject to a deductible.

 

23. Consideration to award a contract to the SOLE SOURCE SUPPLIER Duncan Industries, Harrison, Arkansas, in the amount of $42,500.00 for the purchase of 340 Eagle Model “F/CR” Electronic Parking Meter Timer Mechanisms.  These electronic mechanisms will replace the remaining old mechanical mechanisms, maintain more accurate timing, and significantly reduce maintenance repairs.  Funding is available in the Parking Meters Fund.

 

24.    Consideration to accept the Cruz Baseball Field Lighting Improvements Project and approval of final payment in the amount of $47,560.00 to Cantu Electric, Inc., Laredo, Texas.  Funding is available from Community Development Block Grant Funds – 25th Action Year.

 

25.    Consideration to authorize the purchase of surplus traffic signal components in the amount of $24,375.00, from the City of Dallas, Texas.  The City of Dallas requested sealed bids for the sale of surplus equipment and the Traffic Department submitted a bid for some of the cabinets, controllers, and conflict monitors that could be used to replace and upgrade some of the older traffic signal equipment.  Funding is available from 1998 C.O. Bond proceeds.

 

26. Consideration to award contract number FY00-110, to the SOLE BIDDER, Holmes and Shaw, Inc., San Antonio, Texas, in the estimated amount of $14,091.50, for services to print and mail the 2000 tax statements and tax rolls.   The contract vendor is provided the tax statement data in electronic format and they are responsible for preparing the mail addresses with the ZIP + 4 format in order to qualify for postage savings.  The tax statements are then mailed by the contract vendor with a return envelope.  Approximately 70,000 tax statements are mailed to land owners and 20,000 duplicate tax statements are mailed to mortgage companies.  The total contract pricing is approximately 20% less than the previous year.

 

27.    Consideration for acceptance of the Laredo International Airport Passenger Terminal and Related Airside/Landside Improvements Phase “B” and approval of final payment in the amount of $47,707.50 for the completion tower airfield lighting control panel to H.B. Zachry Company, San Antonio, Texas.  Final contract amount is $11,054,714.50.  Funding is available in the New Airport Terminal FAA Grant, Grant #17 – Retainage Payable.

        

28. Consideration to approve amendment no. 1 an increase of $37,243.75 to the engineering contract with Sepulveda Associates Architects, Inc., Laredo, Texas, for additional engineering services to the City of Laredo Service Center (EDA Project No. 08-01-03159).  Funding is available in the EDA/DPW Infrastructure Project, Engineer Fees.

 

 

 

 

 

29.    Consideration to award a construction contract to the lowest bidder Pete Gallegos Paving, Inc., Laredo, Texas in the amount of $174,800.00 for the CDBG Sidewalks Project No. 11-A (28 Blocks).  Funding is available in the Community Development 23rd Action Year – CD Projects/Sidewalks.

 

30. Consideration to award a construction contract to the lowest bidder J. Solis Maintenance of Welding Service, Laredo, Texas, in the amount of $169,453.00 for the CDBG Sidewalks Project No. 11-B (25 Blocks).  Funding is available in the Community Development Budget; 23rd Action Year, 24th Action Year, and 25th Action Year – CD Projects/Sidewalks.

 

31. Consideration to award a construction contract to the lowest bidder Cherokee Bridge & Road, Junction, Texas, in the amount of $181,498.10 for the CDBG Sidewalks Project No. 11-C (26 Blocks).  Funding is available in the Capital Improvements Project – District/Sidewalks – Community Development Budget 20th Action Year – 21st Action Year and 23rd Action Year CD Projects/Sidewalks.

 

32. Consideration to award a construction contract to the lowest bidder Pete Gallegos Paving, Inc., Laredo, Texas, in the amount of $159,700.00 for the CDBG Sidewalks Project No. 11-D (28 Blocks).  Funding is available in the Capital Improvements Project – District 4/Sidewalks – Community Development Budget 25th Action Year – CD Projects/School Sidewalks.

 

 

33. Consideration to award a construction contract to the LOWEST BIDDER Ramos Industries, Inc., Pasadena, Texas, in the amount of $564,221.50 for the McPherson Acres Subdivision Drainage Improvements Phase I and approval of change order no. 1 to delete item no. 2 excavation in the amount of $9,600.00 for net award of $554,621.50.  Funding is available in the 1998 CO Issue McPherson Acres Drainage Improvements.

 

 

34. Consideration to approve change order no. 11, an increase of $144,030.00 to the construction contract with MW Builders, Inc., Temple, Texas, contractors for the Border Facilities for the World Trade Bridge to add load cells to the truck scale; add fencing to enhance security during construction; add gates at U.S. End of Bridge to close bridge during non-operational hours; modify handrail at Federal Adm. Bldg. To comply with T.D.L.R.; and silt fencing, and seeding under Bridge, and construct defined outfall channel with concrete and seeding for erosion control; and add guard rail at strategic locations along outside of roadway curves to protect light poles.  Funding is available in the 4th Bridge – Tax Exempt and Taxable Bonds – Improvements Other Than Buildings.

 

35. Consideration to approve change order no. 12, an increase of $317,638.00 to the construction contract with MW Builders, Inc., Temple, Texas, contractors for the Border Facilities for the World Trade Bridge to compensate the contractor for the remaining 17 days of “Incentive Pay” which he was prevented from earning due to work added to the contract through change order nos. 2-9, and for the mitigation activities brought about by the delays encountered due to various utilities not being relocated in a timely manner.  Funding is available in the 4th Bridge – Tax Exempt Bonds – Improvements Other Than Buildings.

 

36. Consideration for approval of change order no. 2 for an increase amount of $6,020.60 for proposed 12" water line along Calton Road and to add 10 working days to the construction contract time with Ramos Industries, Inc., Pasadena, Texas, for the Calton Road Widening Project at the Public Library and the McPherson Road Widening Project from Calton Road to the Culvert Drainage Channel at Cotulla's Restaurant.  Funding is available in the Calton Road Widening Project.

 

37.    Consideration to approve a contract with Cantu Electrical Co., Inc., Laredo, Texas, to perform emergency concrete repair work at the Colombia Solidarity Bridge for an amount of
$25,200.36.  Funding is available in the Bridge Fund.

 

38. Consideration to authorize the City Manager to issue a Letter of Intent to partner with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to undertake an Ecosystem Restoration Project at the bend of the Rio Grande River in Southwest Laredo.  Execution of a financially binding, Project Cooperation Agreement would later follow, subject to the findings of a feasibility study and the assurance that the City’s bird habitat would not be negatively impacted as a result of the proposed improvements. The total estimated project cost is approximately $3,080,626 that would be cost-shared 65% federal ($2,002,407) and 35% non-federal in cash and in-kind ($1,078,219). 

 

XIII.   STAFF REPORT

 

39. Consideration to accept a free of charge Firework Show/Demonstration by Atlas Enterprises.  The display is programmed for July 15, 2000, after the regularly scheduled Tecolote game at Veteran’s Field.

 

40.    Status report on the construction progress of the Unitec Industrial Park Railroad Overpass Project (Economic Development Administration Project #01-08-03264).

 

41. Status report on the extension of Bartlett Avenue between the 3500 Block and Southgate Boulevard, and the paving of Ejido Avenue between Gates Street and Loop 20.

 

42.    Status report by the Administrative Services Director regarding  applications received for the position of City Manager.

 

 

XIV.         RECESS AND CONVENE AS THE LAREDO MASS TRANSIT BOARD

 

43. 2000-RT-001 A resolution authorizing the City Manager to notify the Texas Department of Transportation of its intent to apply for Federal Transit Administration Section 5307 Funds, in the approximate amount of $3,502,309.00.

 

 

XVI.         ADJOURN AS MASS TRANSIT AND RECONVENE AS CITY COUNCIL

 

XVII. ADJOURNMENT

 

This notice was posted at the Municipal Government Offices, 1110 Houston Street, Laredo, Texas, at a place convenient and readily accessible to the public at all times. Said notice was posted on Wednesday, June 28, 2000 at 6:00 p.m.

                                                     

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Gustavo Guevara, Jr.

                                             City Secretary[fp1] 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 [fp1]